Vayu- it’s properties and types:
Vayu commonly called air. The root word ‘va’ means to spread. We relates Vayu to the nerve-force which is responsible for all movement in the mind and body. The movement of Vayu even regulates the balance of Pitta and Kapha.
Vayu primarily resides below the navel. The properties of Vayu includes dry, light, cold, rough, subtle and moving.
5 Types of Vayu:
Each of the five Vatta is responsible for various physical and mental functions of the cerebral-spinal and sympathetic nerves.
PRAN: is located in the head and governs the chest, throat, mind, heart,sense organs, intelligence, expectorating, sneezing, belching, inspiration and swallowing of food – outward movement.
UDAN: resides in the chest and controls the nose, navel and throat, and is responsible for initiating speech, effort, enthusiasm, the capacity to work, complexion and memory- upward movement.
VYAN: is found in the heart and rapidly moves throughout the body. It regulates all body movements, including walking, raising and lowering of the body parts, opening and closing of eyes.
SAMAN: is located near the digestive fire. It works in the alimentary tract(absorbing nutrients and excreting wastes), and other abdominal organs. It holds food in the alimentary tract, helps digest it, separates nutrients from waste and eliminates the waste— equalized movement.
APAN: is seated in the colon and controls the waist, bladder, genitals and thighs. Its main function is downward movement of wages (faeces, urine), reproductive fluid, menstrual fluid and it also controls the downward movement of the fetus.

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